Acute mountain sickness

Acute mountain sickness(AMS) is the impact on a group of beings in a high altitude condition. AMS is normal at high heights, that is over 8,000 feet (2,440 meters). Seventy-five percent of individuals have mellow side effects of AMS on more than 10,000 feet (3,048 meters). The event of AMS relies upon the elevation, the rate of climb, and individual comfort.

Acute mountain sickness (AMS), otherwise called altitude sickness, is a negative impact of high altitude, caused by the acute introduction to low exposure of oxygen at high altitude. It starts as an accumulation of nonspecific side effects, gained at high altitude or in low gaseous conditions.

Minor indications such as the shortness of breath may happen at altitudes of 1,500 meters (5,000 ft.). It is difficult to figure out the person getting influenced by altitude sickness. Anyone from physically fit to physically weak might suffer from the illness. It is found that the individuals who lack physical exercise suffer from the Altitude Mountain Sickness.

Acute mountain sickness can advance to high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) or high altitude cerebral edema (HACE), both of which are conceivably deadly, and must be cured by a quick plunge to low altitude or oxygen administration. Acute Mountain Sickness is an alternate condition that happens after a long haul to the high altitude.

Symptoms

The symptoms of Altitude Sickness differ from different people. Every people have different suspects about altitude sickness. Some of the frequently encountered sickness symptoms are listed below:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • A headache
  • Lack of sleep (Insomnia)
  • Swelling of body parts such as hands and feet
  • Nose bleeding
  • Asthma or shortness of breath
  • Rapid Pulse

Besides such, it the patient is in a severe condition, he will have the following symptoms.

  • Shortness of breath even while resting
  • A dry cough
  • Retinal Hemorrhage
  • Skin Discoloration
  • Chest Congestion
  • Increased sense of nausea and vomiting
  • Unconsciousness
  • A severe Headache

Prevention

The deadly AMS can be prevented by one’s care. The best way to prevent such illness is to ascend slowly. An acclimatization break can also prevent AMS from affecting one’s body.

  • Acclimatization
  • Medications such as acetazolamide and Ibuprofen
  • Increased Water Intake
  • Oxygen Enrichment
  • Reduce the use of alcohol and other narcotics

Treatment

For a person already suffering from the high altitude sickness, the only reliable option is to drop downhill. Except such, there are also other possibilities of treatments, but none of them offer a 100% sure thing. Anyway, have a look at the list of treatment options.

  • Get back to a safe altitude
  • Reduce your activity level
  • Hydration
  • Supplementary Oxygen
  • Ibuprofen and Acetazolamide